The Doshas

The Doshas – Essential Dynamic Forces of Nature

 This list is not intended to determine your Prakriti (original Dosha or body/mind type) or Vikriti (current Doshic state or influence) rather, it is offered to give you a better understanding of the basic principles of the Doshas according to Ayurveda. Each column lists the tendencies of the Dosha, describing physical structure and features, likes and dislikes, strengths and weaknesses, as well as, mental and emotional inclinations. It is common to find that you posses the traits of more than one Dosha, in fact, all three Doshas are present, but there will be one or two that are dominate.   

VATA – Air & Space

PITTA – Fire & Water

KAPHA – Earth & Water

Very tall or very short – thin, lanky or underdeveloped – doesn’t gain weight easily Medium height – symmetrical, balanced or well developed – can gain or lose weight easily Tall and stocky or short and compact – large bones, solid build – gains weight easily, difficult to lose
Small, thin or long facial features Medium or proportionate facial features Large or broad facial features
Small, unsteady or active eyes Medium, sparkling or intense eyes Large, round, pleasant eyes
Dry, thin, course, or tight curly hair Fine, straight, or silky hair – early graying or balding Thick, wavy, oily, shiny or abundant hair
Irregular, prominent, stiff, or cracking joints Medium, loose, flexible, or toned joints Round, fleshy, well-knit, padded, lubricated joints
Thin, dry, rough, or fine pored, skin that rarely burns Moderately oily, soft, or fair skin that easily burns  – prone to freckles, moles, or rashes Oily, moist, smooth, pale, soft, thick skin that tans gradually – prone to large or congested pores
Cold hands and feet – poor circulation Warm hands and feet – good circulation Cool or moist hands and feet – moderate circulation
Irregular eating or sleeping habits Regular eating or sleeping habits Over eating or sleeping too long
Variable appetite or thirst – dizzy or weak between meals Strong appetite or thirst – irritable when hungry Stable appetite or thirst – prone to emotional eating
Irregular digestion – difficulty with large meals – fast metabolism Good digestion – can eat large quantities – strong metabolism Slow but regular digestion – heavy feeling after eating
Irregular elimination – may have gas or constipation Regular or frequent elimination – may have diarrhea Slow but regular elimination
Energy fluctuates or comes in bursts – low endurance Moderate and focused energy – moderate endurance Low energy or slow, consistent pace – high endurance
Low resistance to illness Moderate resistance to illness Strong resistance to illness
Prefers change and movement – dislikes routine – restless Likes to plan – will make logical and  rational changes – purposeful Likes simplicity and routine – resists change – attached
Quick to memorize, but absentminded Sharp memory – focused mind Slow to memorize, but once retained never forget
Difficulty making decisions or staying focused Makes decisions easily- sees things clearly Takes time making decisions – gathers details – stays with decision
Talkative or talks quickly – high pitch or irregular speech patterns -change subject often Talks in a concise and orderly manner – fluid speech – may be impatient or cutting Talks slowly and  conservatively – even pitch or melodious speech
Enthusiastic, lively, flexible, active or quick Competitive, alert, precise, or orderly Stable, calm, patient, relaxed or composed
Imaginative, creative or inventive Efficient, organized or accurate Detailed, methodical or conservative
Sensitive, anxious, nervous, worried, fretful or fearful Strong willed, irritable, frustrated, resentful, impatient or angry Attached, cautious, lethargic, in denial, depressed, or greedy
Prefers large gatherings, know a lot of people, few close friends Prefers small gatherings, selective but close friendships Prefers time alone, loyal friendships
Spends impulsively, money is to be used Plans spending, money is for achieving purpose Spends reluctantly, money is to saved for unknown
Difficulty falling asleep or having a sound night’s sleep – tired upon waking Fall asleep easily and sleep soundly –  awaken  well rested                                      Fall asleep quickly and sleep heavy and long – wake up slowly but rested
Prefers a tropical climate – dislikes dry, cold and windy weather Prefers a cool and dry climate – dislikes hot, humid and sunny weather Prefers a dry and warm  climate -dislikes wet, cold, and cloudy weather

 

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